National Research Universities
On 7 August, 2008 the President of the Russian Federation has signed the order on the establishment of the pilot project on National Research Universities (NRU). The Universities which were awarded the status of “National Research University” were selected on competitive basis in 2008 and in 2009 by an independent expert group set up by the Ministry for Education and Science. 27 leading universities were awarded status of NRU in 2009-2010. The status “National Research University”is awarded to a university for the period of 10 years. These are the best field-specific universities performing world-class basic and applied research, which provide training to high quality human resources for priority S&T areas, economy and social sector. The state funding allows for modernization of facilities and infrastructure, retraining of specialists and integration into the international research and education area.
Two pilot universities National Research Nuclear University - Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (State University) and National Research Technological University - State Technological University “Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys” were identified by the Decree of President D. Medvedev in 2008.
Later in 2008 12 more universities were identified through competition (thus brining a total to 14 universities), which will obtain an amount of RUB 1.8 billion (approximately EUR 40.5 million) each for the years 2009-2018. In 2009 another 15 universities were identified through competition, which will obtain RUB 49.8 billion from the federal budget for the years 2009-2014. Co-funding of their development programmes from extra-budgetary funds shall amount to RUB45 billion.
National Research Universities implement their own mobility programmes, which fit national priorities, universities’ development programmes, performance indicators set by the Ministry and available funding. Mobility programmes, especially incoming mobility (invitation of foreign professors and researchers to Russia) is an important requirement for National Research Universities.
The substantial amount of resources (RUB 226.3 million) was allocated by the NRUs in 2010 to train academics abroad. The researchers were trained in 58 countries. The priority regions become countries of the Western Europe, such as France, Germany and UK, and North America, where about 66% of academics participated in study programmes.
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