Specific Programme “People” of the 7-th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development
The EU has always emphasized research mobility as one of the main factors of knowledge circulation, which contributes to more robust economic growth and social development.
The Specific Programme “People” aims to strengthen, quantitatively and qualitatively, the human potential in research and technology in Europe, by stimulating people to take up the profession of a researcher, encouraging European researchers to stay in Europe, and attracting to Europe the best researchers from the entire world. It is implemented by systematic investments in people, mainly through a coherent set of Marie Curie Actions, particularly taking into account the European added value in terms of their structuring effect on the European Research Area.
The actions under the “People” Programme focus on training, skills, and mobility of researchers towards development of their scientific careers. The programme is open to all domains of scientific and technological research and contains schemes for world-wide international mobility. For cooperation with third countries individual researchers as well as research organisations the programme assumes the following FP7 Marie Curie actions:
- Initial Training Networks (ITN) for initial and doctoral training of researchers of any nationality;
- Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways (IAPP) for research collaboration between non-commercial (public) research organisations & commercial enterprises;
- Career Integration Grants (CIG) for researchers of any nationality to establish themselves in a Member State of an Associated Country;
- International Incoming Fellowships (IIF) for individual mobility from third countries to Europe with possible for ICPC return grant of €15,000 for one year;
- International Outgoing Fellowships for Career Development (IOF) for initial outgoing phase outside Europe;
- International Research Staff Exchange Scheme (IRSES) for exchange of researchers/management, technical staff between MS/AC and third countries;
- Intra-European Fellowships (IEF) for career development or restart through trans-national mobility within EU MS or AC;
- Co-funding of regional / national / international programmes (COFUND).
According to the data of the European Commission for the period of 2007-2011 74 Russian research organisations are involved into the cooperative projects of the Marie Curie actions.
154 Russian fellows are benefitting from MCA grants. The most popular countries of destination for Russian researchers are the United Kingdom, Germany and France. About 8% of the total amount of Russian fellows used the return grant after the IIF period at host organisation in MS/AC.
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