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Regular version of the site

S&T Potential of Russia

Russia, with its long scientific tradition, has always been one of the major contributors to the world's knowledge. The extensive growth in R&D manpower and investment during the decades had allowed the development of an extremely large R&D base, greater, in absolute terms, than that of most of the industrially developed nations. The collapse of the Soviet Union, and the transition to a market economy, radically effected by the national R&D systems inherited from the ex-USSR. The R&D system developed under the Soviet system had three special characteristics: it was very large; it was centrally directed, and it was government-financed. These features were ill-suited to a market economy, so it was not surprising that the R&D sector underwent a crisis in the years of transition. One consequence has been a drastic downsizing on the R&D base during the last decade, but there have also been structural shifts and institutional rearrangements in attempting to respond to knew challenges.

The existing S&T Agreements between Russia and foreign countries are available to download (only in Russian) at the web-site of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation.

The leading Russian research institutes are listed below, leading universities and higher education institutes are listed here.

STATE SCIENTIFIC CENTRES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION


 

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